ISKCON Minimum Cow Protection Standards
forwarded by Madhava Gosh das
Posted December 1, 2002
Endorsed by the Ministry of Cow Protection and Agriculture and
Approved by ISKCON's Governing Body Commission, March 1999
The following is a list of cow protection standards which is now ISKCON Law
(507. Most of the standards have been discussed and formulated on the COM
cow conference mostly by devotees who have had many years of experience
caring for cows and/or the land; ISCOWP (Balabhadra das & Chayadevi dasi),
Madhava Gosh das (New Vrndavana, USA), Ranaka das (New Vrndavana), Hare
Krsna dasi (BTG & ISKCON Farm Research Committee), Rohita das (New Talavan,
USA), Radha Krsna das (ACBSP), Shyamasundara das (Bhaktivedanta Manor,
England), Labangalatika dasi (India), Pitavas das & Aradhya dasi (France),
Nistula das (Bangladesh), Dvibhuja das (Talavan, USA), Gopal, Inc. (Serbia),
Ananta Krsna dasi (New Zealand), Suresvara das (ACBSP, ISKCON Farm Research
Committee), Ekadasi das (Padayatra Secretary) and some of its other members.
Anuttama das (ISKCON Communications) has also contributed.
THE COWS ARE AS IMPORTANT AS THE CITIZENS
Krsna Book, Volume 1, Chapter 5
"It is also significant that Vasudeva inquired about the welfare of Nanda
Maharaja's animals. The animals, and especially the cows, were protected
exactly in the manner of one's children. Vasudeva was a ksatriya, and Nanda
Maharaja was a vaisya. It is the duty of the ksatriya to give protection to
the citizens of mankind, and it is the duty of the vaisya to give protection
to the cows. The cows are as important as the citizens. Just as the human
citizens should be given all kinds of protection, so the cows also should be
given full protection."
BRAHMINICAL CULTURE CANNOT BE MAINTAINED WITHOUT COW PROTECTION
Srimad-Bhagavatam Canto 8: Chapter 24, Text 5 Purport
"Without protection of cows, brahminical culture cannot be maintained; and
without brahminical culture, the aim of life cannot be fulfilled."
The purpose of these standards is to institute a world-wide cow protection
minimum standard within ISKCON. The standards a cooperative spirit between
the devotees involved, often of diverse views, to come to a general
agreement in a joint effort to help prevent any mistreatment of ISKCON cows
and help develop cow protection programs that exemplify Srila Prabhupada's
vision of cow protection. ISKCON has made significant efforts to protect
cows but still mistakes have been made on ISKCON farms in the past which
have created present problems that will take time and effort to correct.
The Standards enacted below will assure that the current problems are
rectified in the near future and similar difficulties will not arise again.
The "Recommended" is the ideal, the "Permitted" is an exception to the
ideal, and Not Allowed is self explanatory. These are our internal
requirements and they do not supercede whatever local government rules
there are. We should follow the higher standard whether ISKCON or
government. In transportation, for instance, there are laws of inoculation
that MUST be followed.
There are further issues that need to be standardized and such proposals
will be presented at the GBC Mayapur meetings.. Rewording, and additions
to the standards will be presented at each Mayapur meeting if such changes
are deemed necessary by the Agriculture and Cow Protection Ministry after
the standards have been in use and feedback has been ascertained.
MINIMUM COW PROTECTION STANDARDS
The term "cows" is used herein to mean cows, calves, oxen, and bulls. Cows
are domestic animals, not wild animals. They are dependent on the care of
SECTION 1 COW CARE STANDARDS
II) Organization of Cow Care Facilities
VI) Training Oxen
VII) Traveling and Preaching Programs
VIII) Use of Krsna's Properties
SECTION 2 BREEDING STANDARDS
IX) Requirements for Acquiring Cows
X) Selection of Breeding Stock
XII) Insemination of Cows
SECTION 3 MANAGEMENT STANDARDS
XIII) Responsibility of Local Community
XIV) Local GBC Responsibility
XV) Investigation Team
SECTION 1 CARE STANDARDS
1) Lifetime Protection
Maintaining a animal for its full lifetime including its training and
engagement in productive service. Female cows are not required to be bred
(see Section 2.9), and should not do heavy work (Section 1.5).
2) Daily Observation of Herd
All cows should be given a daily head count and health check.
Short concise records of conditions of the cows, land, and weather should be
kept on a daily basis. These records are to be used as a tool for monitoring
and improving herd conditions.
Stone walls, board fence, woven wire, living fences (except Multiflora rose)
or high tensile are recommended to contain cows by creating an impenetrable
5) Safety and Security
Adequate arrangements must be provided to ensure the safety and security of
the cows from theft, and abuse, maltreatment. These may include locking
gates, lighting, security surveillance, restricted access or other
arrangements as per local circumstances.
a) A dying cow should be kept as comfortable as possible and given as much
association and transcendental sound vibrations as possible. There should be
access to water and food.
b) Calf mortality rate should be no greater than 5%, the achievable
1) Daily Observation of Herd
For larger herds with a shortage of cowherds it is acceptable for the health
check to be done weekly. Daily counting is still required.
Keeping a general farm journal. Keeping breeding records of cows, parentage,
a) Electric fencing permitted for temporary and immediate fencing, it is
especially useful for rotational grazing.
b) Barbed wire permitted in areas of low pressure and where other types of
fencing would be impractical to use, but should not be used where animals
1) Transferring Ownership
Transferring of ownership or the use of cows where all the minimum standards
2) Death due to the following conditions:
a) Failure to provide adequate feed, shelter, safety measures and health
b) Performing euthanasia
c) Placing a sick cow in a situation where he/she will be trampled, eaten,
frozen, etc. causing death.
3) Neglecting the cow while she dies. Not providing feed and water.
4) Calf mortality rate higher than 10%
If records are inadequate, mortality rate can be determined retroactively by
seeing how many have been milking in the last 2-3 years and determining how
many of their calves are still alive.
5) Failure to count cows daily
Daily counting deters rustling and loss of cows who wander off.
Failure to provide adequate fencing to control animals' movement. There
should be no barbed wire in areas where animals are concentrated and in
areas of high pressure, e.g., it shouldn't be used between a pasture and a
meadow or crops field.
7) Safety and Security
Failure to provide adequate arrangements to ensure the safety and security
of the cows as stated in #5 of recommended.
8) Failure to maintain appropriate herd records.
II ORGANIZATION OF COW CARE FACILITIES
1) Devotees owning their own land and cows
2) Devotees owning some land and cows with access to communal rotational
grazing and harvesting in order to fully provide for their cows.
3) A Cow/Land Trust established to secure cow care.
4) Breeding not to exceed carrying capacity of the land.
1) Centralized goshalla operated by a few devotees where there is an
abundant congregation to support the goshalla and a Cow/Land Trust to secure
the cow care and a training program for new cowherds.
2) Small privately owned family farms working with the Cow/Land Trust.
3) Both following breeding programs maintaining proper proportion of animals
to land capacity.
1) Maintaining a centralized goshalla without appropriate manpower,
training, congregational support, and Cow/Land Trust.
2) Breeding without consideration for land capacity.
1) Winter Shelter
a) All cows should have access to shelter from the wind, rain, and snow. An
open barn or shed facing away from the direction of the prevailing winds is
much preferred to a closed building. Many diseases thrive in the warm, humid
environment found in some closed buildings. Drafts should be prevented as
much as possible in open buildings.
b) Adjoining outside exercise lot.
2) Clean water, feed, and vegetarian salt available at all times.
3) Summer Shelter
a) All cows should have access to shade from the sun, either in tree shade
b) All feed must be fed so as to prevent mixture with manure.
4) All shelter should have access to sunlight and ventilation.
5) All shelters should have clean floors with dry bedding to prevent
problems such as hoof rot.
a) Use of dry bedding of some type is important. Maintaining cows on dry
surfaces helps prevent many foot problems such as hoof rot.
b) Pens should be cleaned daily or fresh bedding added.
c) Pens with hard floors are preferable to muddy lots and should have a
sufficient layer of bedding
6) Feed aisles or mangers should be constructed within the shelter so feed
can not be pulled into the area where the cows walk. thereby preventing
wastage and feed mixing with manure.
1) Clean rest areas with rubber bedding.
1) Failure to provide shelter that protects against the wind, rain, and
2) Failure to provide shade in the summer.
3) Failure to provide sunlight and ventilation.
4) Failure to provide clean feeding conditions.
5) Failure to provide water (also in freezing weather) and vegetarian salt.
6) Forcing cows to lie in sloppy, filthy pens.
7) Forcing calves to nurse on cows which have been lying in manure.
1) All cows should have pasturing facilities. Herding and intensive
rotational grazing are the recommended methods of pasturing.
a) Milking cows, growing and working oxen, and breeding bulls should be fed
grains or high quality supplemental feeds such as silage which should be
secured to prevent overeating.
b) Change from one type of feed to another, especially from dry feeds to
fresh feeds, should be done gradually so that bloating, which can lead to
death, does not occur.
c) Clean water and vegetarian salt should always be available.
d) All feeding should be done under the supervision of the primary cowherd
to ensure the health and safety of the cows.
e) There should be sufficient feeding space so that all animals can eat
without undo stress from herd mates.
f) Hay or other feed should be available for all animals when natural
browsing is insufficient to provide minimal nutritional requirements.
1) Pasturing with as much rotation of paddocks as possible.
2) Tethering when sufficient pasturing grounds are not available and under
the following conditions:
a) All tethering should be supervised by primary cowherd.
b) There must be sufficient availability of green grass and provision for
c) The safety and comfort of the animal is the prime consideration. E.G.,
Care must be taken to guard against a cow being strangled on a rope
especially in hilly areas.
d) Adequate water and vegetarian salt must be available if tethered for more
than a couple of hours.
3) If cows are being fed bhoga and prasadam scraps (not from human plates)
in addition to their other feed then such feeding must be carefully
monitored by the primary cowherd due to the fact that cows can become
unhealthily fat on scraps, sick, or in immediate danger due to carelessly
adding indigestible items such as kitchen utensils.
4) If grazing grounds are inadequate for the number of cows then there must
be a plan to eventually provide grazing land or replenish existing land.
1) Tethering which fails to meet even the Permitted standards described
2) Total confinement.
a) Feeding by-products of animal slaughter.
b) Feeding a diet consisting entirely of kitchen garbage and prasadam
c) Feeding prasadam scraps from human plates.
d) Feeding rotten prasadam and kitchen scraps.
e) Carelessly including in feed articles that are not digestible such as
garlands, kitchen utensils, floor sweepings, or burnt food such as burnt
chaunces, burnt custard.
f) Feeding moldy hay.
4) Throwing cow's hay and grains on the ground where they can walk on it and
pass stool on it.(refer to 3b & 6 of Standard 3 Shelter).
5) Failure to follow 2a through 2e of recommended.
1) Training Cows
a) Cows should be trained by voice commands for the purpose of safety during
public events, every day health checks, etc.
b) All cows should be given names.
a) Milking should be done by hand by trained experienced milkers who
regularly milk the same cow(s).
b) Cows should be brushed daily, and udder washed before milkings
3) A Calf and Mother
a) A calf and its mother should have as much association as possible,
especially in the calf's first week, to acquire the essential colostrum.
b) There must be careful consideration to the eating habits of the calf so
that overeating does not occur leading to scours (diarrhea) which can lead
to death. Overeating can be prevented by limiting access to the udder of the
c) Weaning must be gradual, totally achieved no sooner than 3 months with
the option of 6 months or longer.
d) During the weaning process a sweetened grain with the proper balanced
ration for a young calf, first cutting, non stemmy hay, and clean water
should be available for access by calf.
e) Caution should be taken against putting calves on pasture too early which
can cause bloat (which can be fatal).
f) The primary cowherd should be supervising and instructing the treatment
of the calf and mother.
1) Training Cows
Cows can be trained to lead by halter or gentle herding techniques. This is
for safety and health checks, not working as oxen. However light work is
allowed for non lactating cows and must be supervised by the primary
Milking should be done by hand.
3) A Calf and Mother
a) Calves may be bottle fed colostrum for the first few days and later on
b) A plan must be presented to correct bottle feeding allowing for new
calves in the herd to be with their mothers.
c) Gradual weaning can be prior to 6 months If the calf's coat changes color
or it looses interest in milk (ruling out illness).
1) Ill Treatment
Failure to develop a personal relationship with a cow leading to excessive
use of whips, prods, beating, rough treatment, and violence to the animal.
a) Milking by hand in which the following occur: pinch, pull or any other
action that may result in the animal becoming disturbed.
b) Milking by machine. This is not acceptable and can only be done in a
crisis situation, e.g., lack of sufficient cowherds. A plan to correct the
crisis situation must be presented.
c) Failure to provide all calves access to mother's milk either directly
from the cow or by milk bottle.
d) Feeding calves milk replacement or by the bucket method.
3) Working cows as oxen except in dire emergency.
VI TRAINING OXEN
1) Training oxen should begin at 2-4 months to develop a relationship of
love and trust. No work is done at this time due to softness of bones as
well as other reasons.
2) Training should be by voice commands or Indian technique of pierced nose
with rope halter.
3) All oxen should be given names.
1) Training at a later age but still developing a relationship of love and
1) Using whips excessively, beating, rough treatment, and violence to the
VII TRAVELING AND PREACHING PROGRAMS
(Such programs represent ISKCON to the public. If there is an unfortunate
incident it is ISKCON that can be sued and attacked, not the individuals
handling the animals.)
1) Before traveling, all oxen must be well trained with a proven working
reliability by an experienced teamster.
2) All cows and calves involved must be trained to voice commands and/or
3) All local laws of health, safety and insurance must be followed.
4) All animals in such programs must have had previous experience in the
association of people so as to not be in a state of shock when taken to be
viewed by a crowd.
5) The health, safety and general well-being of all animals and people in
such programs and people observing such programs takes priority over
achieving inappropriate daily distance or preaching goals.
6) There must be fair and considerate treatment of any uncooperative animal.
7) Oxen should be handled by experienced teamsters only.
8) Cows, calves should be handled by persons approved by the primary
cowherd. They should have had some previous experience caring for the
9) Daily health check of all animals. A sick animal is one which is:
noticeably unwell, has temperature, not eating, or diseased. Appropriate
remedial measures must be taken.
10) Transported Oxen
Oxen must be well-provided at all times with the following:
a) Sufficient space to lie down and rest.
b) Sufficient ventilation, sunlight and protection from bad weather.
c) Legally safe & secure transport facilities (doors closed while traveling,
vehicles and/or trailers must be a in well maintained condition).
d) Sufficient food, water, and vegetarian salt.
e) Sufficient exercise by being un-trailered at night and when not
g) Daily brushing.
11) Walking Oxen
In addition to all the above:
a) Appropriate and timely foot care (including shoeing, when needed).
b) Extra rest time and health care.
c) Their load must be appropriate to their strength power, health, and age,
and approved by an experienced teamster.
f) Legs and feet of walking oxen should be given special attention during
12) On a monthly basis, the oxen should have a complete health examination
by a local government or
13) Short concise records of health and temperament of the oxen, local land
conditions, weather, distances traveled, and public interest shown to the
oxen should be kept on a daily basis.
1) If the person handling the oxen is not an experienced teamster he must be
in training and under the strict supervision of an experienced teamster.
1) Training programs consisting of only 1 to 7 days previous to beginning
2) Failure to provide sufficient supervision of public access to the cows,
resulting in abuse to the cows.
3) Initiating a travelling preaching program with bullocks without
sufficient provision for a suitable place for retirement and cowherd care.
3) Failure to provide animals the recommended and permitted.
VIII USE OF KRISHNA'S PROPERTY
1) Any property (land and cows) belonging to the Deity should be protected
by environmentally sound conservation practices designed with the long term
fertility and preservation of the soil in mind.
2) Construction of convenient watering places like ponds and tanks and
easily accessible shade is appreciated by the cows.
1) Land may be burned only when dense growth needs to be removed to increase
a) Conditions for Timbering
Individual select cuttings of trees may be done for the erection of homes,
road right-of-ways, construction of fence lines, crop land, or pasture.
b) Use of Timber Cut
Trees so cut must be utilized for construction purposes or firewood.
When deemed necessary to forest health and supply, trees cut should be
replaced by planting new ones in appropriate locations
1) Grazing animals who are destined for slaughter on ISKCON/devotee
2) Removing sod or yearly burning of crop or grazing land.
3) Clear cutting of trees.
4) Cutting of trees on steep land or land which may be prone to erosion or
any other activity that may lead to erosion.
5) Performing activity that may lead to contamination of any bodies of
6) Selling or exchanging land used by cows except where the cows will
directly benefit or such sales will increase the assets of the cows.
7) Allowing unauthorized passage of people without permission from temple
and knowledge of the primary cowherd.
SECTION 2 BREEDING STANDARDS
IX REQUIREMENTS FOR ACQUIRING COWS
1) Animal Acquisition
a) A cow should not be acquired or bred for furnishing milk without
well-defined plans to provide care and lifetime engagement for her resulting
b) Cows should be acquired from the nearest ISKCON farm.
2) Sufficient Land
Care includes having sufficient productive land to support the offspring.
This land should be held in a Cow/Land Trust and maintained by self-reliant,
3) Engagement of All Stock.
Lifetime engagement includes all male calves born be trained and worked and
female calves be trained to voice commands or halter broken. Female cows are
not required to be bred, especially if there are no plans to train any
resultant bull calves.
1) Use of Non-devotee Land
The acquiring of grazing rights, or leasing of land from non-devotees to
provide sufficient land for the cows' support.
2) Trust funds and Lifetime Adoption
The establishment of Trust Funds and Lifetime Adoption, in order to
adequately provide for a calf throughout its entire life.
3) The Purchase of Feed
Purchase of feed is permitted when existing lands fail to provide enough.
4) Leasing Cows
Arrangements for leasing cows to others is permitted if it can contribute to
the overall goal of cow protection, and if the leasor is legally bound to
abide by all Cow Protection Standards, including, but
not limited to, arrangements made for lifetime protection of both cow and
5) Acquiring Cows From Non-devotees
When the nearest ISKCON Farm is practically too far for safe transport, has
no animals suitable for training, or has no need to give cows away, purchase
from non-devotees is permitted.
1) Animal Acquisition
Procuring or breeding of a cow for the purpose of supplying milk without any
plan for the care, training and engagement of offspring.
2) Lack of Land and Funds for Animal Care
Failure to provide sufficient land, cowherds, and funds to support the cow
3) The Purchase of Feed
Purchasing feed without planning for future production by sustainable
4) Leasing Cows
Leasing cows without the legally binding and well monitored contracts as
described in # 4 of permitted.
5) Acquiring Cows From Non-devotees.
Buying cows from non-devotees instead of from local overcrowded ISKCON Farms
when practical transportation of cows is possible and animals suitable for
training are available.
X SELECTION OF BREEDING STOCK
1) Choosing Breed
a) Choice should be made on the basis of retaining traits desirable and
appropriate for ISKCON devotees' particular needs.
b) Heritage breeds should be considered before more recent breeds.
2) Choosing Desirable Traits
a) Choice should be made taking into consideration docility, longevity,
resilience, and the ability to thrive on low-quality feeds.
b) Desirable milking cow traits include, in addition, longevity of milking,
ability to produce milk on low-quality feeds, durability, ease of handling
and leading, long teats.
c) Desirable working oxen traits include, in addition, the ability to work
well, durability, ease of training, and sturdy hoof history in lineage
(black hoofs being generally stronger).
3) Geographical Considerations
a) Choice of breeding stock depends a great deal upon local conditions and
b) Breeds that are excellent choices for one area may not be good choices
for other areas. For example, the 'Taurean' breeds are good for temperate
climates while the 'Zebu' types are better for the tropics.
To use existing stock with an appropriate crossbreeding program, conducted
by an experienced breeder, to breed in the desirable bloodlines and breed
out the original bloodline.
1) Choosing exotic breeds that are unsuitable for location and purposes.
2) Breeding done without appropriate knowledge which can result in unusable
animals. E.g., most Taurean crossed Zebu cows have proven too unruly to
1) Bull calves of European Taurean breeds should be castrated at 6 months to
a year. Indian Zebu breeds should be castrated at 1 year to 2 years.
2) The method of castration should be by emasculation, specifically using
the tool bordezio (bloodless castration) performed by a veterinarian, or
1) Cutting by a veterinarian or experienced professional.
2) Use of bordezio by experienced cowherd.
1) Banding (using rubber bands around the testicles until they drop off).
2) Performing acceptable methods of castration by inexperienced cowherd.
XI INSEMINATION OF COWS
1) Cows should be inseminated by a bull kept at the farm, rather than by
artificial insemination, as requested by Srila Prabhupada. Such bulls must
be properly enclosed for safety reasons, as well as to avoid unwanted
2) Careful records of breeding must be kept in order to avoid unplanned
3) When a bull can not be kept safely and humanely, use of a community bull
or neighbor's bulls is recommended.
1) Artificial Insemination may be used when in special circumstances bulls
cannot be properly maintained.
2) Bulls from a neighbor (even though not farmed according to Vaisnava
principles) may also be used if they are suitable.
3)Inbreeding may be practiced only under strict conditions by an experienced
1) Not restricting a bull in a standard bull pen. Such lack of precaution
will inevitably lead to unwanted inseminations. It can also be the cause of
life-threatening accidents to cowherds or guests.
2) Keeping a bull without following the same standards given herein for the
3) Keeping a bull without association. At least one ox should be kept with
him, to prevent boredom.
4) Keeping the bull in adjacent pastures or stalls to cows he should not
SECTION 3 MANAGEMENT STANDARDS
XIII RESPONSIBILITY OF LOCAL COMMUNITY
1) Housing and use of ISKCON land contracted to devotees who are seriously
committed to protecting cows and working the land.
2) Land Base
Cow programs should be increasing the land base available to cow herding,
a) Lands may be sold or exchanged only if there is an offsetting advantage
and an increase to the overall program.
b) New land acquired to be given, leased, sold at fair market value to those
who seriously committed to protecting cows and working the land. Any income
generated from such transferred land should be used to benefit the cow
c) The determination of land sales in regard to what is best for the cows
should be made by the cows' primary cowherd.
3) Ox-power Produce
Ox-power produce should be purchased from the goshalla at above standard
market price by temple and devotees. Milk from protected cows should be sold
at a premium, with the amount above the standard market value used to make
capital contributions to a Cow Protection Trust Fund.
4) Cow Remains
a) Local government and customs must be respected.
b) When possible it is recommended to honor the dead body of the cow.
c) After all reasonable efforts have been taken to maintain the soul in the
body of the cow, when the soul has left the body of the cow, there is no bar
to someone recycling the body unless illegal in that country and after
consulting with the primary cowherd. (Recycling the dead body of the cow is
in accordance with Srila Prabhupada's instruction in the Teachings of Queen
Kunti and other sources.)
5) Goshalla Reporting
Managers of goshalla should be accountable for quarterly presenting facts
and figures that show the value of the cows, their services provided (i.e.
plowing, transport, labor, publicity), their produce and their by-products.
1) Milk and Ox-power Produce
a) When cows and cowherds are sufficiently supported by temple, milk and
produce can be given to the temple.
b) Milk and ox-power produce bought at market value by temple and devotees.
2) Land Base
Lands may be put into private hands if there is a means easily monitored and
managed by which the land will continue to be used for cow protection, i.e.
retention of grazing rights, leasing agreements, or the establishment of a
fund dedicated to obtaining new land.
1) Land Base
a) Selling lands for the sake of generating cash flow to deal with
non-capital expenditures. This is strictly forbidden except in emergency
situations and then only after approval by the Minister of Cow Protection
and Agriculture and the approval of the GBC.
b) Selling land currently used by cows that decreases the over all land base
available to the cows.
c) Using ISKCON's land to graze animals destined for slaughter. (See
2) Taxing of Goshalla.
3) Milk and Ox-power Produce
Consuming milk and produce without compensation to the goshalla.
4) Cow Remains
a) Using the body of a dead cow by cow protectors for profit making activity
to such a point that it encourages negligence that contributes to the cow's
b) Neglecting to follow the government's laws and local customs in regards
to disposal of the dead cow's body.
5) Goshalla Reporting
Failure to present facts and figures that show the value of the cows, their
services provided (i.e. plowing, transport, labor, publicity), their
products and their by-products.
XIV LOCAL GBC RESPONSIBILITY
1) The GBC Should Quarterly
a) Meet with cowherds and ox teamsters. This meeting should be a minimum of
1 hour and private.
b) Visit every cow facility and traveling program and review records. (See
c) Present written reports to the Ministry of Cow Protection and
Agriculture. (Report forms will be provided to the GBC)
2) Investigation of Abuses
When a GBC receives reports of cow abuse in his/her locale, the complaint
must be investigated by the GBC and if found true, the situation must be
corrected by consultation with local Farm Council and the Ministry.
3) Follow-up by Investigation Team.
Where no action has been initiated after one week following investigation or
if the Ministry deems the action insufficient, the Ministry will appoint an
investigation team to create a report specifying actions needed to correct
4) ISKCON's Ministry of Justice Involvement.
If corrections are not initiated within one month following the initial
abuse report, the problem will be referred to ISKCON's Ministry of Justice
for further action to protect the cows.
1) Temple Presidents are responsible to see that local Goshalla Managers send quarterly reports to the Ministry of Cow Protection and Agriculture. The local GBC Deputy/Deputies shall validate these reports by either personally visiting or appointing an accountable and reliable representative to do so
3) Response to Abuses
Permitted standards are the same as recommended standards #2,3,4 above.
Failure to meet even permitted standards.
XV INVESTIGATION TEAM (IT)
1) Selection of IT
The Ministry will collect a world-wide list of devotees to act as a resource
pool. Such devotees will be knowledgeable of the standards and have
agricultural experience. From this list the Ministry will select an
To defray travel expense, members of the list who live closest to the
problem in question will be chosen first. Members are encouraged to provide
travel expense. A fund can eventually be set up to help with travel expense.
3) Membership of IT
The IT should consist of 2 or more devotees not involved in the management
of the program being investigated and a professional suited to the
particular situation selected by the IT. The professional should not be
currently employed by the farm under investigation.
4) Duties of IT
The IT will arrange for group meetings and individual interviews with
parties concerned and is responsible for the compilation of reports given to
all GBC concerned (Local Commissioner, Global Secretary, Justice and Cow
Same as recommended
Failure to follow the above standards in part or whole.
Leather and bones are by-products from the cow after death
To log an area by removing all of the trees at one time.
Protein supplements and grains.
Use of assets and income generated from assets to benefit the cows. Assets
including land, capital funds, and income producing investments, placed in
trusts to secure the long term viability of cow protection programs.
A breed that is not historically used in an area.
Is one who has a minimum of three years working with cows and bulls under
guidance. He must know how to interpret breeding charts and be able to
distinguish the weakness and strengths of particular animals when compared
to other related or non-related animals.
An experienced teamster is one who has had at least 2 years experience with
caring for cows prior to becoming a teamster and has at least one year
experience working with oxen both in the field and at preaching events.
Any of the following: Hay, grains, concentrates, other fibrous foodstuffs.
A cow sanctuary, where cows, bullocks and bulls are fully protected,
productively engaged, and receive tender loving care for their entire lives.
Traditional, non-hybrid seeds and animal breeds used historically in
sustainable, locally viable systems.
Breeding within same family line. There are two forms; line breeding where
distantly related animals are bred to strengthen a particular trait they
have in common and inbreeding where both animals used are
within three generations of each other. For example grandsire to
granddaughter, cousins, dam to son, brother to sister.
Land Capacity or Carrying Capacity of the Land:
The number of cows the land can support. Supporting the cow adequately means
to provide grazing and/or produce fodder for year-round maintenance of a
specific number of cows, using local or intensive
natural agriculture practices. By talking to local farmers or government
agencies, carrying capacity of the land in the local area can be determined.
This can vary widely from area to area. If the carrying capacity of the land
is 5 acres per cow x 3 bred per year x 12yrs (average life span) =180 acres.
Agriculture that uses localized techniques that are sustainable and
environmentally viable. Labor intensive rather than capital intensive.
This refers to the person who the community holds responsible for the
practical everyday care of the cows. He/she may be in charge of other
Milk, dung, urine are produce from the cow.
Producing most of what is consumed of the basic essentials.
Fermented feeds stored in silos or bunkers, most commonly corn.
Cows, Oxen, bulls, calves - the herd.
To limit a cow's pasturing ability by tying the cow to a fixed spot.