Transcendental Qualities of Srila Prabhupada
Posted April 20, 2007
His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, who successfully distributed the message of Lord Krishna throughout the world, was not an ordinary conditioned soul, governed by the harsh laws of material nature. Although he always felt himself to be most insignificant, it is evident through careful study of his life that Srila Prabhupada perfectly displayed the twenty-six qualities of a pure devotee of Krishna, as given in Sri Caitanya-caritamrita.
The Vedic literature states that only one who is free from material bondage can possess these qualities in full. Such a great soul is rarely found within this material realm, and owing to his unparalleled purity and exalted status as an intimate associate of the Supreme Lord Krishna, he is worshipable by the entire world. Following are the sublime qualities of a pure devotee so eminently exemplified by Srila Prabhupada.
The ultimate expression of mercy is to freely afford everyone the opportunity to develop pure love of Godhead. This Srila Prabhupada did by opening over a hundred temples, printing millions of books and sending his disciples all over the world to teach the science of Krishna consciousness. His distribution of mercy manifested naturally as a result of his heartfelt compassion for the long-suffering conditioned souls. His mercy fell everywhere, like pleasing rain upon the burning hearts of this age.
When Srila Prabhupada lectured during the early days of the Krishna consciousness movement in America, he would often tell his listeners, "I have come to your country not to take anything, but simply to give." Those who were honest and sincere were able to sense Srila Prabhupada's unalloyed desire to bestow upon them the highest form of mercy. Directed by Krishna within their hearts, they voluntarily placed themselves under his guidance and protection.
Although Srila Prabhupada is now gone from our material vision, his mercy is still available. A liberated soul is not bound by time and space, and neither is his mercy. One only has to open up one's heart to receive this benediction, which is being distributed freely to everyone.
During the 1960s, a generation of young men and women took part in a mass rebellion against untruths perpetrated by governments, schools, media and big business. At that time Srila Prabhupada arrived on the scene, boldly preaching the message of Lord Krishna. He spoke truthfully, never altering the pure message in deference to time and circumstance to attract followers, fame and money. In an atmosphere seething with unrestricted sense gratification, Srila Prabhupada presented a process of spiritual life based on personal sacrifice and purification of the senses.
In those days with a vigorous peace movement, it was extremely unpopular to speak out on behalf of any form of military activity. Rather than cater to public opinion, Srila Prabhupada spoke the truth about the Bhagavad-gita, explaining to his youthful audience that Arjuna attained spiritual perfection by fighting a war under the order of Lord Krishna. Because of Srila Prabhupada's own spiritual qualities and his straightforward presentation of Lord Krishna's message, people gradually began to understand the message and received it with great delight. Such was the powerful effect of Srila Prabhupada's truthfulness.
Srila Prabhupada's gifts to the world were filled with tremendous spiritual value. He gave us a wonderful philosophy to live by, knowledge of our true spiritual identities, beautiful Deities of Krishna to worship, the all-auspicious holy name of Krishna and delicious Krishna-prasadam. Srila Prabhupada also gave us the spiritually enlivening association of devotees and the chance to attain love of Krishna and return to a life of eternity, bliss and knowledge in the spiritual world.
In return for all these blessings, Srila Prabhupada asked nothing for himself. He simply asked that we refrain from sinful activities, chant Hare Krishna and give Krishna consciousness to others. In this way, selflessly giving of himself at every step, Srila Prabhupada perfectly exhibited the magnanimous nature of a pure devotee of Lord Krishna.
One is said to be desireless when his only interest lies in satisfying the transcendental senses of Lord Krishna. Desires are eternally flowing like a river from the heart of the living entity, and the process of Krishna consciousness can change the quality of those desires from material to spiritual.
Although Srila Prabhupada began his preaching work very humbly, his mission became enormously successful, and Krishna blessed him with great opulence. When a person acquires great amounts of wealth and power, he usually becomes thoroughly attached and polluted due to the strong force of his material desires. Srila Prabhupada, however, remained aloof from this contamination through complete absorption in the desire to please Krishna.
Indifferent to Material Acquisition
Because a pure devotee of Lord Krishna is desireless, he is naturally indifferent to material acquisition. Material facilities may come and go, but that does not concern him in the least.
Srila Prabhupada once pointed out that if he had simply sat beneath a tree and preached, very few people would have come to listen. Therefore, to effectively deliver the message of Lord Krishna, he constructed beautifully ornate temples. At no time, however, was he desirous of settling in comfortably to enjoy these facilities, choosing instead to follow a rigorous schedule of traveling and preaching that even the youngest and healthiest of his disciples could not keep pace with.
Without Material Possessions
A pure devotee of Lord Krishna is always diving and surfacing in the ocean of spiritual happiness. The Vedas explain that one drop of this happiness is millions of times greater than the paltry relish afforded by material sense gratification or even the pleasure derived from liberation from material existence. A pure devotee never depends on the accumulation of material possessions for his happiness. He accepts only what is necessary to perform devotional service and maintains full awareness that these facilities are actually the property of the Lord.
During Srila Prabhupada's years spent in Vrindavana preparing for his eventual journey to the West, he lived very simply in a tiny room in the courtyard of the Radha-Damodara temple. After preaching vigorously in the West for a number of years, Srila Prabhupada had access to much opulence, yet he never claimed any of it as his own and used every penny in the service of Krishna.
When Srila Prabhupada was instructed by his spiritual master to preach Krishna consciousness in English, he took his order as his life and soul and fixed his determination upon carrying it out diligently. Founding Back to Godhead magazine in 1944, Srila Prabhupada singlehandedly attended to its publication and distribution for many years, never deviating from his sincere effort to please his spiritual master. As a result of Srila Prabhupada's fixed determination, his preaching activities were crowned with glorious success, and even in his physical absence, followers carry on his work all over the world.
Without False Prestige
Srila Prabhupada's humility was inconceivably deep and heartfelt, and it inspired a generation of young men and women, who had based their lives on the rejection of authority, to willingly accept his authority. Srila Prabhupada never took credit for his many successes, always preferring to acknowledge his spiritual master, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, and the assistance given to him by disciples.
During one lecture, Srila Prabhupada touched the hearts of his disciples when he stated that he considered them to be representatives of his spiritual master, sent to assist him in his preaching mission. By this expression of sincere gratitude, Srila Prabhupada displayed his mood of devout humility. Anyone pursuing the spiritual path should aspire to follow in his footsteps in this regard.
Srila Prabhupada once explained to a group of disciples that a devotee of Lord Krishna is always grave. Upon hearing this, one devotee, a very colorful and effusive person, decided to tone down his disposition and became straight-faced in an attempt to please his spiritual master. After a few days of this behavior, Srila Prabhupada looked at him quizzically and asked what was the matter. The disciple replied that he was trying to be grave.
At that, Srila Prabhupada laughed and explained to him that being grave means to be serious about Krishna consciousness. It has nothing to do with artificially repressing one's individuality. Srila Prabhupada himself was a most vibrant personality. His life abounded with laughter and spiritual enjoyment, yet he was always serious about Krishna consciousness. He never forgot Lord Krishna, not even for a moment, and in this way displayed perfect gravity.
When Srila Prabhupada first met his spiritual master, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, he was a supporter of Mahatma Gandhi's effort to free India from British rule. During that meeting, the two engaged in a discussion, during which Srila Prabhupada expressed his view that to be spiritually potent India first needed to be politically free. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta convinced him with logic and scriptural evidence that Krishna consciousness alone could rid India and the rest of the world from material suffering.
Because Srila Prabhupada was not defiant, being endowed with all humility and respect, he graciously surrendered to Srila Bhaktisiddhanta's conclusion and accepted him as his spiritual guide. From this transcendentally instructive pastime we can see how a pure devotee of Lord Krishna is never defiant, and also how we must conduct ourselves in the presence of genuinely advanced Vaishnavas, if we wish to rise to the platform of spiritual consciousness. Although Srila Prabhupada was a personal associate of Lord Krishna, capable of giving spiritual guidance to the entire world, he was always surrendered to the lotus feet of his spiritual master and never evinced a hint of defiance in his character.
Srila Prabhupada was respectful to all living beings because he saw them as parts and parcels of the Supreme Lord Krishna, with whom he was fully in love. During his extensive preaching tours, he was usually greeted at temples by adoring throngs of devotees and guests.
On one such visit to the New York City temple in 1976, as he strode gracefully down the center aisle amid a multitude of beaming devotees assembled in the front lobby, they all paid obeisances to him, as is the custom when receiving a worshipable guest. At that time a young gurukula boy, who had innocently bowed down too far into the aisle, was eased backwards by the devotee next to him, so as not to obstruct the path. When Srila Prabhupada reached the boy, he stopped, placed his hand on his head and looked at him with affection, as if to make sure that his feelings had not been hurt. In this instance, and in all of his personal dealings, Srila Prabhupada treated everyone he met with the utmost respect, thus softening their hearts and rekindling their spiritual sentiments.
Equal to Everyone
A pure devotee of Krishna sees the spiritual nature of all beings, regardless of their temporary material forms. He observes that all souls, in their pure state, are qualitatively equal, though their individual spiritual identities are unique. In addition, he is always trying to uplift them and sees and treats everyone in that spirit. Srila Prabhupada perfectly exhibited this sublime quality and was thus the ideal representative of Lord Caitanya and Lord Nityananda, who desired to flood the entire world with love of Krishna. He was constantly immersed in distributing Their mercy to everyone, and he humbly requested his disciples to assist him in this effort.
One evening in July 1966, while Srila Prabhupada was lecturing at 26 Second Avenue in New York City, an old derelict staggered into the storefront, put two rolls of toilet tissue in the bathroom, set some paper towels atop the sink, turned and staggered out. Being equal to everyone, Srila Prabhupada was undisturbed by the man's odd behavior and appreciated the spark of devotion shining through. "Just see," said Prabhupada, "he is not in order, but he thought that, 'Here is something. Let me give some service.' Just see how automatically it comes. This is natural."
Srila Prabhupada exhibited the summit of cleanliness, both internally and externally. His heart and mind were constantly submerged in the purifying waters of love of Godhead, and his shining body was always engaged in Lord Krishna's pure devotional service. Srila Prabhupada's cleanliness was so profound and far-reaching that not only was he himself impeccable, but he also purified the lives of thousands of young men and women who had previously possessed no proper concept of spiritual or bodily cleanliness.
Srila Prabhupada once described the mind of a pure devotee as being very peaceful, like a country pond filled with crystal-clear water, beautiful lotus flowers and swans gliding happily across it. This much-desired state of mind is a natural quality of one who is situated in transcendence, at the lotus feet of Lord Krishna, far beyond the turbulent material world and senses. Srila Prabhupada was very peaceful due to his own pure Krishna consciousness. Shouldering the immense pressure and responsibility of a worldwide spiritual family with its concomitant problems, Srila Prabhupada gracefully meted out love, guidance and practical instructions with full composure, never losing touch with his peaceful Lord Krishna.
Srila Prabhupada's mild demeanor was another very attractive feature of his divine personality. In the material world, when a person attains a position of high authority, he often becomes influenced by false pride and loses the quality of gentleness in his behavior. Thus he becomes a source of anxiety for his subordinates. Srila Prabhupada, although the greatest spiritual authority, never displayed even a drop of false pride and always maintained a mildness around which everyone felt at ease.
Srila Prabhupada was poetic, not only in the literary sense, as evidenced by his beautiful poems glorifying his spiritual master and Lord Krishna, but in every aspect of his personality as well. His gesturing, walking, talking, singing, smiling, dancing and worship were all done with a natural poetic grace, as befitting a swanlike pure devotee of the Lord.
For those sensitive souls who had embarked on a pilgrim's progress, in search of ultimate truth and beauty, attaining Srila Prabhupada's sublime association marked their journey's end, and they happily gave up all mundane pursuits to engage in his service. Such was the attractive power of Srila Prabhupada's poetic nature, which manifested wonderfully due to his superexcellent level of Krishna consciousness.
The living entity in the material world has become mad due to the influence of maya. In reality, he is an eternal spiritual spark, part and parcel of Krishna, but in illusion, he sees himself as a material body, forgets his intimate relationship with the Lord and fails to see how everything around him is emanating from the Absolute Truth.
Srila Prabhupada was never under such misconceptions, however, as evidenced by his pure devotional service. Out of natural humility, he never promoted his own elevated status, but once, when pressed by his disciples for information concerning his position, he modestly replied, "Never was there a moment when I have not thought of Krishna in this life." Srila Prabhupada's unwavering remembrance of Krishna provided the perfectly effulgent example of spiritual sanity. By faithfully serving his lotus feet, we will soon become free from our material illusion.
Being situated in the internal, spiritual energy of Lord Krishna, Srila Prabhupada was free from the four material defects, namely, the tendency to commit mistakes, to be in illusion, to cheat others and to possess imperfect senses.
Because Srila Prabhupada performed his devotional activities in a mood of full surrender to Lord Krishna, he was guided by the personal hand of the Lord and was consequently mistake-free. His freedom from illusion was shown by the fact that, through his preaching work, millions of souls were enlightened with spiritual knowledge. By sacrificing his own bodily comforts for the service of mankind, he demonstrated complete freedom from the tendency to cheat others. Finally, his eyes, being smeared with the ointment of love of God, were fully spiritual, as were the rest of his senses, which were ever engaged in the transcendental loving service of Sri Krishna.
Surrendered to Krishna
Srila Prabhupada's complete surrender to Lord Krishna was shown by his constant engagement in devotional service with mind, body and words. Another symptom of a soul fully surrendered to Krishna is absolute detachment from the bodily concept of life.
At the advanced age of seventy, despite several heart attacks and many other ordeals, Srila Prabhupada singlehandedly penetrated maya's formidable stronghold and planted the seed of devotional service in the hearts of thousands of fallen souls. He was able to do this because he was free from material attachment, owing to his full surrender to Krishna.
Eats Only as Much as Required
Although Srila Prabhupada received opulent prasadam, presented to him in grand amounts by loving disciples, he never indulged in luxury, taking only modest portions and distributing the remainder to the devotees. As a rule, one in the renounced order of life is forbidden to eat delicious food, as this may drag him by the tongue into a whirlpool of material desires and thus ruin his spiritual advancement. Srila Prabhupada, however, was never victimized by these culinary delights. He always maintained full spiritual potency and complete dedication to satisfying the transcendental senses of Lord Krishna.
Completely Controls the Six Bad Qualities
An aspiring devotee of Lord Krishna, who is serious about spiritual life, strives to control the six bad qualities &mdash: lust, anger, greed, illusion, madness and envy — which act like deadly poison upon one's consciousness if not subdued. His practical method for accomplishing this is to actively engage his body, mind and words in the Lord's devotional service, which has the potency to neutralize these vices, as a serpent is robbed of its capacity to inject poison when its fangs are removed.
Srila Prabhupada did not need to control these vices, however, as they were completely absent from his nature. He was like a vaidurya gem, manifesting many beautiful, transcendental qualities at every moment, as he moved about in the brilliant light of pure devotional service. Since we are still susceptible to the onslaught of the six bad qualities, we should place our heads in all humility at the lotus feet of Srila Prabhupada, engage enthusiastically in his glorification and try to please him by serving his mission to the best of our abilities. In this way, we are sure to become completely free from material contamination and develop pure love of Krishna.
Performs Welfare Work for Everyone
It is stated in the story of Sudama Brahmana that when loving service is rendered to Lord Krishna, the entire creation benefits. Thus, a pure devotee of the Lord, who always engages in devotional service, performs welfare work for everyone. This welfare work is nothing like mundane philanthropy, which provides unfortunate persons with material facilities to temporarily offset their suffering condition; rather, it is meant to completely extricate them from material existence and award them an eternal blissful life in the spiritual realm.
Srila Prabhupada served Lord Krishna wholeheartedly and without deviation during his lila among us. In this way he benefited the entire world, indirectly, by his own pure devotional service, and directly, by offering a potent spiritual program, capable of eradicating the material existence of anyone who takes to it seriously. His welfare work did not stop with his physical disappearance, however, as the preaching force he set in motion will continue to spiritually uplift the inhabitants of this planet for the next ten thousand years, far exceeding the meager philanthropy performed by those absorbed in the bodily concept of life.
When Srila Prabhupada arrived in America in 1965, he faced the tremendous challenge of attracting gross materialists to the sublime spiritual process of Krishna consciousness. Although such a feat seemed impossible, Srila Prabhupada ignited a spiritual explosion, whose vibrations are still resonating throughout the world. He demonstrated unprecedented preaching skill by presenting Krishna consciousness perfectly according to time and circumstance, offering such an attractive and palatable spiritual program that any sincere soul could easily follow.
Today, at Ratha-yatra festivals all over the world, millions of people chant, dance, wave and cheer in a universal expression of appreciation, as Lord Jagannatha's colorful chariots float through the city streets. From this it is clear that Srila Prabhupada was so expert that, even in his physical absence, Krishna consciousness is being spread far and wide by the faithful application of his instructions.
According to Vaishnava philosophy, being silent means to engage the tongue in speaking only about topics related to Lord Krishna. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura used to encourage silence in his disciples, telling them: "Nonsense talk breeds nonsense thought, which breeds nonsense action, which breeds birth, death, old age and disease."
Srila Prabhupada, being the foremost disciple of his spiritual master, was the chief exponent of this adage in the modern age, single-handedly spreading Krishna-katha all over the world through his lectures, discussions and translating work. His words are a river of nectar flowing mercifully into the hearts of the devotees, and in due course of time this mighty river will silence the nonsense of all souls suffering in this world.
A pure devotee of Krishna is always compassionate upon the fallen souls, who are suffering greatly in the blazing fire of material life. He is ever busy making arrangements to relieve their distress and is pleased when he sees them advancing on the path of spiritual happiness. Srila Prabhupada, compassion personified, dedicated his every breath to spreading Krishna consciousness, resting only a few hours every night to keep body and soul together.
As his body dwindled during his last days with us, many doctors visited Srila Prabhupada to offer their advice and treatment, but with little or no result. One day a physician suggested that his condition arose from his grave anxiety over the tribulations that would beset his disciples after his physical disappearance. At that, Srila Prabhupada looked up and told the man: "Yes, you have diagnosed my condition correctly." With these words, Srila Prabhupada demonstrated his utter selflessness and his profound compassionate nature.
In the Bhagavad-gita Lord Krishna states that He is the friend of all living beings. As the Lord's intimate associate, Srila Prabhupada also displayed friendship to all by dint of his constant engagement in spiritual welfare activities.
In the material world friendships are formed on the basis of mutual sense gratification, and when sense gratification is disturbed, the relationship is either damaged or discontinued. Srila Prabhupada was a true friend to all, however, because he formed relationships with others motivated by his unalloyed desire to assist everyone in achieving the highest goal of life. He never desired to exploit anyone, and if there was ever an offense committed against him or some difficulty caused by others, he never took it seriously.
Because Srila Prabhupada accepted the karma of some five thousand
disciples, he had to undergo what appeared to be suffering. In spite of
this, he never withdrew his mercy and friendship. Significantly, he
always closed his letters to his disciples with the words, "Your ever
well-wisher." The spiritual friendship of a pure devotee like Srila
Prabhupada is the rarest of gems, and intelligent persons will
certainly appreciate, revere and guard it as life's dearest treasure.